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©Cripsin Hughes/Panos Pictures..KENYA Turkana..Kalobeyei Primary School.  Class P1 has no building so they are taught out of doors.  ....Kenya, Turkana, Kalobeyei Primary School. Class P1 has no building so they are taught out of doors under a tree by their form teacher Paul Chale Lochodo..Kalobeiyei school entered 13 candidates for the Kenya Certificate of Primary Education (KCPE) exam in November 2002, ten boys and three girls. This is a landmark for the school, since 2002 was the first year in which it had a Standard 8 class to take the exam. The schoolís eight classrooms were built with donations from Lutheran World Federation and UNHCR, both of which work in the nearby Kakuma Refugee Camp..Primary enrolment rates for both boys and girls are low in Turkana and other pastoralist districts, typically 20-30%. This is not surprising, since formal state schools are static while herders are mobile; and the curriculum has little relevance to the lives of herders, except in matters on which they have to deal with government or NGOs. But pupil numbers are increasing at Kalobeiyei school, rising to 229 during 2002 from 96 in July 1999. More than 80 per cent of these pupils were boys...Ö but times are changing..Kalobeiyeiís headteacher Paul Lotesiro sees the signs of a gradual change in attitudes towards schooling. ìIn Turkana district some 20 years ago, even for our people to get into a lorry was a problem. Because they were afraid. In their culture people said, ëDonít get into a vehicle.í But as time passed, things changed. People know the vehicle will get them there more quicklyÖ..  In homes where people went to school years ago, families a