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Manuel Salinas, 68, lives by well 38, near Shushufindi.  He bought his property from his brother, including a pool of oil waste, about 8 metres from his house.  He has lived next to this pool, left by Texaco, for 25 years. The toxic pool has filtered into his drinking water. He has suffered from stomach aches, headaches, and skin infections for over 8 years. A class action lawsuit was brought against US multinational oil giant Texaco (acquired by Chevron in 2001) by more than 30,000 Ecuadorians. The case has been in the Ecuadorian courts since 2003 and relates to the dumping of billions of gallons of toxic materials into unlined pits and Amazonian rivers. In February 2011 the court ruled that Chevron should pay a fine totalling 9.5 billion USD. However, Chevron has stated that the ruling is 'illegitimate and unenforceable' and has started numerous counter proceedings in US courts. There is some doubt as to whether it will be possible to force Texaco to pay the fine.