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Chaos on the road as the retreating Georgian army comes up against a roadblock after Russian artillery hit a convoy of Georgian vehicles. In their desperation to retreat, and with Russian helicopters passing overhead, Georgian soldiers without transport commandeered civilian vehicles. Georgia launched a series of attacks in an effort to reclaim the breakaway region of South Ossetia, which has had de facto independence - and Russian backing - since the end of a conflict in 1992. The attacks prompted Russia to retaliate against positions within South Ossetia and Georgia..