Image 1 of 1
A man waves his belt at the porters he has hired to carry packages of imported goods out of the Spanish exclave of Melilla. The owners of the packages hire Moroccans to transfer their goods into Moroccan territory paying them between 5 and 10 euros for each trip. Hundreds of people work ferrying heavy loads of goods on their backs over the border. Melilla is a Spanish city on the north coast of Africa, bounded by Morocco and the Mediterranean Sea. Many would-be migrants see it as the gateway to Europe which accounts for the high-level of security along its borders. However, it is also a route of entry for goods and, if they can be carried by a person (the Bario Chino gate is for pedestrians only), do not attract import taxes. Thus a micro-industry has evolved carrying huge packages of goods over the border. Once the preserve of poor women, known as 'Mule-Women', the economic crisis means more and more men are acting as porters and they aggressively seek out the limited employment opportunities.