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A view of Maidan Nezalezhnosti (Independence Square), renamed EuroMaidan by protesters since November 2013, littered with detritus and signs of fires, in central Kiev. Protests against the government of President Viktor Yanukovych were sparked on 21 November 2014 by the Ukrainian government's decision to suspend preparations for the signing of an association agreement with the European Union that would have increased trade with the EU. Some believe that the U-turn came about as a result of pressure from President Putin of Russia who wants Ukraine to join a customs union with itself, Kazakhstan and Belarus. Russia offered 15 billion dollars of soft loans and reduced price gas to Ukraine at the same time as discussions with the EU were taking place. After weeks of protests and a number of deaths, Prime Minister Mykola Azarov and the entire cabinet resigned. Protesters are holding out, however, for President Yanukovych to resign and continue to occupy public buildings and squares to put pressure on the president. On 18 February, after Yanukovych's party scuppered a move to change the constitution to reduce the powers of the president, renewed fighting between protesters and police broke out and had cost the lives of around 80 people by Friday 21st February.